Nahua youth from farming communities in Mexico
Neoliberal globalization has eroded local subsistence economies and intensified human mobility across borders, incorporating non-traditional actors such as children and youth as well as new sending areas in the global South and new destinations in both the global South and North America and Europe. In the context of economic and agrarian restructuring, Mexican indigenous farming communities without previous experience in transnational migration were rapidly incorporated into transnational migratory circuits at the end of the 1990s. Children and young people have been central actors in these new migration processes. In Nahua communities, forms of everyday life have been recently disrupted by rapid processes of youth out-migration to the USA in search of labor and life opportunities. Nahua youth in their teens and early twenties, who had spent their childhood helping their families in corn and beans seasonal farming, took the lead in circular transnational migration. In this fieldsite we attend to the specificity of the reconfiguration of indigenous practices of relatedness in transnational migratory contexts through the experiences and agency of children and youth.
Huaorani youth from communities in Ecuador
Many changes has been introduced to Huaorani everyday life since their full contact with Western culture in 1958. Successive generations gain different experiences as they grow up in changed reality. Young Huaorani are exercising many opportunities as well as threats that were not known to their parents and grandparents. Many of them leave their settlements in order to gain better education or job that will enable them to achieve new goals. Their indigenous knowledge and practices are being challenged as they try to keep their identity while at the same time to adjust to requirements in the city. In this fieldsite we attend to specify whether some balance in these challenges can be achieved. Again, the reconfiguration of indigenous practices through the experiences of youth will be the main focus.